Black fungal extremes

Author(s): G.S. de Hoog and M. Grube
Details: 198 pp., fully illustrated with colour pictures (A4 format), paperback, 2008.
Price: € 60,-


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Black fungi tend to be ecologically remarkable. Members of Dothideales / Capnodiales thrive under harsh environmental conditions, such as dryness, solar irradiation, high osmolarity or very low pH. Environments investigated range between Antarctic rock, Spitsbergen glaciers, Mediterranean saltpans, and even outer space. Mechanisms of stress tolerance are described, and new genera, species and varieties of extremotolerant fungi are reported. The human ‘infection’ tinea nigra by these species can be explained by halotolerant colonization. Members of the Chaetothyriales have ancestors with rock-dwelling life styles, but derived species are frequently found in human infections. Essential factors for ecology and evolution are described, such as oligotrophism, assimilation of aromatic hydrocarbons, and meristematic growth, and methods for selective isolation based on these features are proposed. Novel species are introduced, and tools for molecular identification are provided.

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Download pdf Drought meets acid: three new genera in a dothidealean clade of extremotolerant fungi
L. Selbmann, G.S. de Hoog, L. Zucconi, D. Isola, S. Ruisi, A.H.G. Gerrits van den Ende, C. Ruibal, F. De Leo, C. Urzì and
S. Onofri. Studies in Mycology 61: 1–20. (2008)
Download pdf Redefinition of Aureobasidium pullulans and its varieties
P. Zalar, C. Gostinčar, G.S. de Hoog, V. Uršič, M. Sudhadham and N. Gunde-Cimerman. Studies in Mycology 61: 21–38. (2008)
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The influence of ortho- and para-diphenoloxidase substrates on pigment formation in black yeast-like fungi
N.A. Yurlova, G.S. de Hoog and L.G. Fedorova. Studies in Mycology 61: 39–49. (2008)

Download pdf Expression of fatty-acid-modifying enzymes in the halotolerant black yeast Aureobasidium pullulans (de Bary) G. Arnaud under salt stress
C. Gostinčar, M. Turk, T. Trbuha, T. Vaupotič, A. Plemenitaš and N. Gunde-Cimerman. Studies in Mycology 61: 51–59. (2008)
Download pdf HMG-CoA reductase is regulated by environmental salinity and its activity is essential for halotolerance in halophilic fungi
T. Vaupotič, P. Veranic, U. Petrovič, N. Gunde-Cimerman and A. Plemenitaš. Studies in Mycology 61: 61–66. (2008)
Download pdf Adaptation of extremely halotolerant black yeast Hortaea werneckii to increase osmolarity: a molecular perspective at a glance
A. Plemenitaš, T. Vaupotič, M. Lenassi, T. Kogej and N. Gunde-Cimerman. Studies in Mycology 61: 67–75. (2008)
Download pdf Tinea nigra by Hortaea werneckii, a report of 22 cases from Mexico
A. Bonifaz, H. Badali, G.S. de Hoog, M. Cruz, J. Araiza, M.A. Cruz; L. Fierro and R.M. Ponce. Studies in Mycology 61: 77–82. (2008)
Download pdf Black fungi in lichens from seasonally arid habitats
S. Harutyunyan, L. Muggia and M. Grube. Studies in Mycology 61: 83–90. (2008)
Download pdf Cellular responses of microcolonial rock fungi to long-term desiccation and subsequent rehydration
A.A. Gorbushina, E.R. Kotlova and O.A. Sherstneva. Studies in Mycology 61: 91–97. (2008)
Download pdf Resistance of Antarctic black fungi and cryptoendolithic communities to simulated space and Martian conditions
S. Onofri, D. Barreca, L. Selbmann, D. Isola, E. Rabbow, G. Horneck, J.P.P. de Vera, J. Hatton and L. Zucconi. Studies in Mycology 61: 99–109. (2008)
Download pdf A rock-inhabiting ancestor for mutualistic and pathogen-rich fungal lineages
C. Gueidan, C. Ruibal Villaseñor, G. S. de Hoog, A. A. Gorbushina, W. A. Untereiner and F. Lutzoni. Studies in Mycology 61: 111–119. (2008)
Download pdf Evolution of CDC42, a putative virulence factor triggering meristematic growth in black yeasts
S. Deng, A.H.G. Gerrits van den Ende, A.F.J. Ram, M. Arentshorst, Y. Gräser, H. Hu and G.S. de Hoog. Studies in Mycology 61: 121–129. (2008)
Download pdf Coniosporium epidermidis sp. nov., a new species from human skin
D. M. Li, G.S. de Hoog, D.M. Lindhardt Saunte, A.H.G. Gerrits van den Ende and X. R. Chen. Studies in Mycology 61: 131–136. (2008)
Download pdf Environmental isolation of black yeast-like fungi involved in human infection
V.A. Vicente, D. Attili-Angelis, M.R. Pie, F. Queiroz-Telles, L.M. Cruz, M.J. Najafzadeh, G.S. de Hoog, J. Zhao and A. Pizzirani-
Kleiner. Studies in Mycology 61: 137–144. (2008)
Download pdf The neurotropic black yeast Exophiala dermatitidis has a possible origin in the tropical rain forest
M. Sudhadham, P. Sihanonth, S. Sivichai, R. Chaiyarat, G. M. Dorrestein, S.B.J. Menken, and G.S. de Hoog. Studies in Mycology 61: 145–155. (2008)
Download pdf Selective factors involved in oil flotation isolation of black yeasts from the environment
M.M. Satow, D. Attili-Angelis, G.S. de Hoog, D.F. Angelis and V.A. Vicente. Studies in Mycology 61: 157–163. (2008)
Download pdf Characterisation of the substrate specificity of the nitrile hydrolyzing system of the acidotolerant black yeast Exophiala oligosperma R1
S. Rustler, A. Chmura, R.A. Sheldon and A. Stolz. Studies in Mycology 61: 165–174. (2008)
Download pdf Biodiversity of the genus Cladophialophora
H. Badali, C. Gueidan, M.J. Najafzadeh, A. Bonifaz, A.H.G. Gerrits van den Ende and G.S. de Hoog. Studies in Mycology 61: 175–191. (2008)
Download pdf References for citation
Download pdf Book Review_CZECH MYCOL. 61(2): 206–207, 2010
Download pdf Review_inoculum_Vol.61